The story behind naming the first day of Hajj as Day of Tarwiyah

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MINA — As Hajj pilgrims began arriving at Mina on Friday, the eighth day of Dhu al-Hijjah, they were set to observe the Day of Tarwiyah, an essential part of the Hajj journey.

The Ministry of Health announced the readiness of the new Mina Street Hospital with its 50-bed capacity, and the Mina Bridge Hospital, offering 150 beds, to cater to the pilgrims’ needs.

Mina, situated 7 kilometers northeast of the Grand Mosque, hosts part of the pilgrims on the first stop of their journey before they head to Arafat on the ninth of Dhu al-Hijjah.

The term “Tarwiyah” has several historical explanations, each adding a layer of richness to its significance. The most widely accepted explanation derives from the Arabic word for “quenching thirst.” Historically, pilgrims would gather water from nearby wells and homes in Mina on this day to prepare for the arduous journey ahead, ensuring they had enough water before embarking on the challenging trek through the rocky and mountainous terrain of the holy sites.

Another narrative ties the name to the story of Prophet Ibrahim, peace be upon him. According to the historian Badr al-Din al-Ayni, the name “Tarwiyah” originates from a vision Ibrahim had on the eighth night of Dhu al-Hijjah. In this vision, Allah commanded him to sacrifice his son. He spent the day contemplating (“yatarawwa” in Arabic) whether the vision was a divine command or a temptation from Satan. When the vision recurred the following day, he resolved that it was indeed from Allah and prepared to carry out the command. Thus, the day was named “Tarwiyah,” reflecting his deep contemplation and consideration.

A third account relates to the story of Adam and Eve. According to this tale, after being expelled from Paradise, Adam and Eve were separated and wandered the earth searching for each other. On the Day of Tarwiyah, Adam saw Eve for the first time, hence the name deriving from “ru’ya,” meaning “vision” or “seeing.”

Among historians and linguists, the first explanation is the most favored. On the eighth day of Dhu al-Hijjah, pilgrims traditionally prepare for the Hajj by gathering water and provisions, before making their way to Arafat, the pivotal location for the Hajj rites.

Source: Saudi Gazette

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